29 December 2010
28 December 2010
22 December 2010
21 December 2010
Pemantauan berterusan perlu dilakukan untuk menjaga keselamatan anak anda tidak kiralah anak anda itu sudah mahir di dapur atau tidak. Sentiasalah memerhati gerak gerinya ketika di dapur. Tegur dengan segera jika dia melakukan kesilapan.
Gunakan ayat yang ringkas dan mudah difahami untuk membuat peraturan keselamatan yang perlu diturutinya. Terangkan kepada anak semua peraturan itu. Jika anak anda enggan ikut peraturan, bermakna dia masih belum bersedia untuk bersama anda di dapur.
Bukan semua waktu memasak sesuai dilakukan bersama anak, lebih-lebih lagi jika anda berada di dalam keadaan yang tergesa-gesa. Mungkin anda tidak dapat memantau anak. Mungkin juga dia akan melakukan kesilapan hingga menyebabkan kecederaan dirinya. Pastikan suasana dapur dalam keadaan selesa semasa si kecil membantu anda di dapur.
Kanak-kanak hanya akan merasa seronok jika dapat memban tu ib unya di dapur tanpa memikir kan bahaya yang mungkin dihadapinya. Jadi, sebelum memasak terangkan kepadanya akiba t jika dia main-main atau tidak serius.
Tidak semua anak kecil boleh dibenarkan berlegar bebas di dapur apatah lagi jika anda sedang memasak. Nilai sejauh mana anak anda dapat membantu anda di dapur. Jika dia masih terlalu kecil, sukar dipantau dan tidak betah duduk diam lebih baik jauhkan dia dari ruang dapur.
Bantu dan ajar anak
Jika anak anda baru belajar menggunakan perkakasan dapur atau memotong bawang, bantunya terlebih dahulu. Peralatan seperti pisau membahayakan dirinya. Pemantauan daripada anda dapat mengelakkan kecederaan.
Jika anda mahu memberikan sebarang tugasan kepadanya, lihat dahulu sejauh mana kebolehann ya. Lihat kepada usia dan kemahiran yang ada padanya. Jika anak anda itu rendah dari pada ketinggian dapur dan masih belum pandai mengguna kan senduk, usahlah sesekali memin tanya mengacau gulai di dapur.
Humpty dumpty sat on a wall,
Humpty dumpty had a great fall;
Threescore men and threescore more,
Could not place Humpty as he was before.
Klik untuk aktiviti 'paint':
Do the following motions with the traditional song:
- Clap your hands or pat hands with a partner when you hear the words "Pat-A-Cake"
- Pat your knees, roll your hands, and draw the letter 'B' in the air with your finger
- Push an imaginary cake in the oven
Do these motions with the new verses:
- Pretend you are holding a baby in your arms, and rock it to sleep
- Imagine you are falling to sleep with your baby
- Wake up when you hear the bell ring
- Clap your hands when you hear the words "Pat-A-Cake"
- Take your imaginary cake out of the oven
- Blow on your cake, pretend to frost it and draw the letter 'B' in the frosting
- Pantomime putting the cake on a table
- Pretend to eat the cake
Do this song with a partner. Pat hands together then pretend one person's hand is the cake. Pat the cake, roll it and mark it with a 'B.' During the second verse, one person rocks the other. The person being rocked pretends to fall asleep. The sleeping partner wakes up with the sound of the bell. Once again, pat hands together, then cool, frost, and serve your cake.
20 December 2010
Ingin tahu bagaimana melatih si kecil dengan cara yang mudah melalui 30 idea yang merangkumi kraf, muzik dan lukisan. Mudah untuk anda, mudah untuk si kecil! Pasti anda dan si kecil ‘sibuk’ sepanjang hari.
Penting bagi ibu bapa tahu apa kudapan atau snek yang berkhasiat dan bermanfaat untuk anak-anak. Kesilapan memilih snek yang betul untuk anak boleh menjejaskan kesihatan mereka. Teruskan bersama NAROSWATI NAIB untuk mengetahui snek apa yang sesuai untuk anak.
Kudapan yang perlu dielak :
Pastikan 5 nutrisi ini ada dalam menu yang anda hidangkan untuk anak setiap hari agar tumbesaran mereka tidak terjejas. Ingin tahu lebih lanjut? Teruskan bersama NAROSWATI NAIB.
Kalsium sangat baik untuk tubuh kerana berfungsi untuk menguatkan otot, mengekalkan penghasilan tenaga dan menguatkan jantung. Selain itu, kalsium juga dapat menguatkan tulang dan mengelakkan anak daripada risiko tekanan darah tinggi. Kalsium boleh didapati daripada susu, produk tenusu, buah-buahan dan sayur-sayuran.
Sebagai salah satu nutrien yang penting, pengambilan magnesium yang mencukupi banyak faedahnya. Antaranya ialah memperbaiki kemampuan jantung, mengekalkan sistem imunisasi tubuh, meningkatkan penghasilan tenaga dan membina tulang yang sihat. Untuk memastikan anak mendapat magnesium yang mencukupi, berilah mereka makanan sayuran hijau, kekacang dan gandum.
Pengambilan makanan yang kaya serat baik untuk sistem penghadaman anak. Bukan itu sahaja, malah serat dapat membantu mengelakkan anak daripada serangan penyakit jantung, masalah kolesterol, tekanan darah tinggi dan memastikan berat badan anak berada dalam lingkungan yang sepatutnya. Antara makanan yang tinggi kandungan seratnya ialah bijirin sarapan pagi, sayur-sayuran dan buah-buahan.
4. Vitamin D
Vitamin D sangat baik untuk sistem imunisasi anak agar dia tidak mudah dijangkiti penyakit. Vitamin D juga membantu meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan kekuatan tulang anak. Vitamin jenis ini boleh didapati dengan mudah daripada ikan dan susu.
5. Vitamin E
Untuk mengelakkan daripada serangan radikal bebas, pastikan anak mendapat vitamin E yang secukupnya. Vitamin ini juga membantu membina sistem imunisasi badan dan mengekalkan metabolisme. Vitamin E terdapat dalam makanan sayuran hijau seperti bayam.
Posted by: Brigitte Rozario Post(s) by this blogger
"It depends on what type of rules you are talking about. We human beings are always governed by law. In any country there are rules. If you want to bring up children without rules it will be quite tough because children being children, they do not know how to control themselves because they are not mature enough to make decisions and solve problems.
I believe rules are important, especially so for children with learning disabilities like ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). If you don't set rules for them they will overrule others and distract the other children. If you don't set rules for them it will be hard to control them in places like the shopping mall.
So, rules are important especially if you want to guide them against doing things that are socially not acceptable.
But if you have too many rules then the child feels very restricted and suppressed. Children are like that. If you tell them don't do something, they will do it.
So, you need to strike a balance between having rules and not having rules. Rules are important to mould children to have morals and values. However, without rules children will be empowered to do things beyond our imagination. Having no rules is good if it leads to something positive but if without rules they just run wild then it's not good. So we need to strike a balance.
We have many types of parenting styles but the three common ones are the authoritative, autocratic and permissive. Autocratic parents are those who are very strict with rules. The parent has all the say and the child has no say. When they are younger, the children will listen to you because they don't have any power but when they become adolescents, they have verbal power (they can talk back), behaviour power (if they go silent) and motive power (you do not know what they are doing behind your back).
By late adolescence when you realise your rules are too strict it's too late because by then the child might not be talking to you and there's no communication. If you are too strict the child might become very timid, a follower and not a leader and an introvert. Because they are not allowed to express themselves, they internalise everything and this can lead to a lot of emotional problems. This will also affect their parenting style when they grow up and become parents themselves.
There is another type of parent who doesn't set rules. This is the permissive parent. This is when anything goes and you find the child is doing anything he or she wants to including hitting others. That is also very bad, I think. In this case the child will turn out too daring and bold or does not respect others' rights.
I think that parents should take the middle path and strike a balance. This is what we call authoritative parenting.
If you are not too strict all the time, it will encourage the child to be more creative and he or she can develop a healthy personality. When the rules are not too strict, the child can explore and when the child has problems the child will always come back to you.
Rules must come with love. Don't set rules without love."
Nur Anastasia Abdullah, mother of two:
"It is important to have rules when bringing up children. Rules are important because as parents, it is our duty to set boundaries for our children in order to guide them in their actions. When parents set rules, they should take the responsibility to explain to the child the reason for the particular rule and the pros and cons of the said rule. This will help the child to understand better and be able to differentiate between right and wrong.
When my children were toddlers, I had rules for mostly everything. However as they were growing up and proved that they could be trusted to do the right thing, the rules reduced over the years. Sometimes a new set of rules will have to come in as children grow and enter different phases in their lives, e.g. becoming teenagers.
If our children do wrong by the rules, we must talk to them and find out the reason for their actions as sometimes, things could seem different from a child's point of view. Parents are not always in the right just because they are adults and we must remember that rules are there for a reason and not seen as punishment by the children.
My siblings and I were raised with rules and as we were growing up there were times that I used to think my parents were not fair. However, my parents took the time to explain to us the reason they had certain rules and we understood that they were only doing it because they loved us.
I am very grateful to my parents for their rules as it is because of their actions that I have become the person I am today and am able to bring up my children in a responsible manner.
When children do not know how to differentiate between right and wrong, they will not know whether their actions are acceptable or unacceptable and thus will not respect other people and their surroundings.
An example of a basic rule: Children should be taught from young not to interrupt a conversation. If children are not taught this basic rule, they will interrupt conversations even when they become adults as they do not see anything wrong with this.
I taught my children when they were toddlers that if they wanted to interrupt while I was talking to another person, they should count till 10 before interrupting. As they grew older and could understand more, I explained to them that they should think if it was really urgent to speak their mind at that time or if they should wait longer.
When children have been following rules from young, it becomes a way of life and eventually they will be able to determine on their own whether they have acted in a responsible manner or not. What I did to teach my children to think on their own was to explain to them the possible consequences of following / not following a rule. I would ask them to chose the path they wanted and ask them to explain to me the reason they chose the particular path. In this way, they learned from young to think responsibly on their own.
In my opinion, parents will still be able to bring up their children without any rules, if they choose to, but in most cases where this happens, children grow to become irresponsible adults."
Kesibukan tugas kerapkali membuatkan tubuh anda kekurangan zat makanan. Hal ini boleh melemahkan sistem imunisasi dan membuatkan anda mudah diserang penyakit. Pengambilan buah kiwi secara berterusan dapat melindungi tubuh daripada jangkitan penyakit kerana sifatnya yang kaya dengan vitamin, zat galian serta anti-oksidan.
Telah terbukti bahawa vitamin C memainkan peranan yang penting dalam pengimunan tubuh. Isi buah kiwi adalah sumber Vitamin C yang luar biasa dan ia juga mengandungi jumlah vitamin C yang sama dengan dua biji oren. Ini terbukti amat berkesan dalam melancarkan perpindahan plasma dan penyimpanan bersel vitamin C di dalam tubuh. Buah kiwi juga adalah sumber terbaik bagi antioksidan larut lemak dan vitamin E yang penting. Gabungan kedua-dua antioksiden larut air dan larut lemak membolehkan buah kiwi melindungi tubuh dari radikal bebas.
Selain daripada vitamin dan antioksidan, buah kiwi mengandungi kuantiti potasium yang sama dengan sebiji pisang selain kaya dengan beta-karotina dan zat galian yang lain seperti magnesium, zink, zat besi dan fosforus. Kandungan vitamin C dan karotenoid dalam buah kiwi turut membantu dalam penyerapan zat besi. Ia juga menyimpan enzim proteolisis yang digelar actinidin untuk meningkatkan penghadaman protein daging, susu, kekacang dan bijirin. Maka secara tidak langsung, ia adalah baik untuk usus anda juga.
Miliki usus yang sihat
Mengalami sembelit adalah perkara biasa bagi kebanyakan wanita. Tetapi jika anda mengambil sebiji buah kiwi dalam diet harian, anda tidak perlu risau lagi. Buah kiwi mengandungi banyak serat yang serupa dengan semangkuk bran. Maka, ia dapat memberikan kelegaan daripada kesan sembelit.
Buah kiwi juga sesuai diambil oleh pesakit kencing manis. Ia merupakan sumber tenaga yang penting, malah kajian juga menunjukkan bahawa ia mengandungi indeks glisemia 52, iaitu tahap sederhana ke rendah bagi setiap hidangan 120 gm (sebiji kiwi saiz besar). Ini bermakna tahap glukosa darah tidak akan bertambah secara mendadak.
Buah kiwi adalah pilihan berkhasiat bagi pesakit kencing manis yang memerlukan perangsang tenaga
sepanjang hari, berbanding dengan snek yang tinggi kandungan lemak atau gula.
Posted by: Brigitte Rozario Post(s) by this blogger
Should children have to earn pocket money by doing chores around the house? Some argue that making children earn their pocket money makes them more responsible. Others say certain chores should be done regardless of the pocket money given.
Let's see what a professional trainer/author and a developmental psychologist have to say about this.
Jamilah Samian, certified professional trainer and author of Cool Mum Super Dad and Cool Boys Super Sons:
"I give my children pocket money on a daily basis because although the school provides food it's not enough for them. There is a cafe in the school where they can buy food.
For me, when it comes to giving them housework it depends on what kind of housework. Some things like washing the dishes or cleaning their own room are things they have to do and they are not going to get paid for doing that. That is expected of them.
However, if they do something extra like teaching other young children then maybe I might give them some extra reward. When my children reach secondary school, they have to do some voluntary work. So, I might pay them a very minimal amount of money based on the effort. Part of it is voluntary but maybe later I might give them a little bit just as additional pocket money.
It's just a token sum and it's only towards the end of their voluntary work. I don't want them to do it because of the money.
Apart from that I don't give them pocket money per se. I am quite strict about that. If you want something, you have to earn it.
If they want to buy a toy, they have to save up the pocket money that I give them every day.
There is a difference between their needs and wants. Their needs are something we parents provide. The wants are something they should earn themselves.
I don't give them pocket money during the school holidays. I don't see why I need to give them pocket money then when everything is provided for."
Elaine Yong, developmental psychologist and Sunway University College lecturer:
"I think to a certain degree the bare minimum is necessary. They need money for recess time at school. But if they want extra, that's when I would get them to earn it.
If they want to buy a toy or a game, then I would ask them to earn the money to buy that because then it gives them an idea of what it takes to save the money and that it's not easily earned and they learn the value of money. By making them earn it, you would also be teaching them how to save up to make that big purchase.
They can earn the money by doing chores they don't already do regularly. Things like cleaning their room are basic things that they are already responsible for so those don't count. To earn money it should be for doing additional chores which are usually not done.
You can start practising this from the time they're in primary school because they understand from then and they would have been buying things from the canteen at this age. So, they would understand the value of money. At any earlier age, such as preschoolers, they are just beginning to understand that you need to use money in order to buy things."
Posted by: Brigitte Rozario Post(s) by this blogger
In Malaysia, a lot of people rely on western as well as traditional medicine and herbal remedies. Some swear by a particular concoction to get rid of the flu. Others insist traditional medicine is not safe at all.
Here, we have a mother and a paediatrician sharing their personal opinions on the matter.
Luie Chong, mother of one child aged 4+
Chong and her daughter.
I usually don't give my daughter antibiotics. I just let her try to recover on her own if it's a slight cold. I just give her more water, barley to drink and vegetables to eat.
My daughter also likes to eat cooked garlic. She can even eat one whole clove. I was very surprised but I've been told it's good for the immune system. Hopefully that will keep her healthy, too.
Plus, she loves to eat vegetables. She eats a lot and all kinds too - broccoli, cabbage and other types. She also likes to eat fruits.
If she can recover fast, then it's okay. If it looks like her cold is getting worse, then I will consult the doctor. If after five days, she's not getting better, I'll take her to the doctor, that is if there is no fever.
However, if she has a fever then I will give her paracetamol but still no antibiotics. This is because I was advised by the paediatrician not to give my child antibiotics so soon as it will only make her immune system weaker.
I follow the doctor's advice. I also try not to give her too much medicine and hope that she can try to heal herself but of course if she's getting worse I will take her to the doctor.
I don't practise this for myself. I have sinus problems and I know the cause and what I need to do to rectify the problem. I have been taking antibiotics and western medicine from young so there's no point for me to stop now.
For my daughter, it's different. From the time she was a baby up till now we still haven't given her antibiotics in the hope that she will recover on her own.
How long we keep this up depends on how she is once she starts going to school. If she has to take the medicine and antibiotics then we will give her that.
Paediatrician Dr Hon Mun Cheng:
I'm really not for traditional medicine because I myself don't take it. A lot of parents still use a bit of traditional medicine.
I would say if you want to, then do it with caution but definitely not for children below one year old. Every individual has a different reaction to traditional as well as western medicine. But western medicine has been tested and studied and so many individuals have already tried it - so it's recognised, there's evidence that it works. However, traditional medicine is not recognised, there's no big study done on it. So, you can try giving it to your child but with caution because anything might happen.
We have seen a lot of patients who have tried traditional medicine and there were some adverse effects, some even resulted in seizures.
Some children even had seizures after taking spirulina supplements.
The seizures were so bad that the child went into a coma. After a few days without that supplement, the child recovered. So, you just have to be careful. Don't overdo it.
The marketing people who sell these supplements tend to make claims which are not evidence based. They might say it's perfectly safe and they will be so convincing that parents believe them.
A child's liver and kidneys are not as developed as those of an adult. The blood-brain barrier which protects the brain is not as formed as adults'. So, what happens is a lot of these supplements don't get metabolised by the liver because the liver is already overloaded. As a result, toxins are generated and they pass into the brain and cause seizures.
I think it's better that they don't try traditional medicine before going to the doctor. I would advise them to see the doctor first and determine what is the problem. If the doctor says you can continue with your traditional medicine, then carry on.
Traditional medicine doesn't go through any drug administration authority like the US FDA (Food and Drug Administration) and supplements don't go through stringent testing.
So, it's very dangerous because a lot of things are just classified as supplements and they are not scrutinised.
Some of the chinese traditional medicine specialist put everything in powder form and some of these formulas have steroids.
What happens is if an asthmatic child takes it, it will reduce his asthma. But if he takes it over a period of time, you will be able to see the effects on the child - he is chubby but that fat is not healthy fat, it's steroid-induced chubbiness, and the skin is thin.
It's not good in the long run because it causes Cushing's Syndrome which leads to high-blood pressure and other symptoms.
A lot of people are misleading the consumers. It's not true that traditional medicine is safer than modern medicine. You have to be careful. Check with your doctor if it is safe and especially stay away from any traditional medicine which is in powder form.
Nobody can claim that taking a supplement will prevent you from ever getting cancer or heart problems. We cannot predict that and neither can the traditional medicine specialists. We are not God.